Cowie, H. & Jennifer, D. (Co-ordinating team, UK), Chankova, D. & Poshtova, T. (Bulgaria), Deklerck, J. & Deboutte, G. (Belgium), Ertesvåg, S. K. & Samuelsen, A. S. (Norway), O'Moore, M. & Minton, S. J. (Ireland) and Ortega, R. & Sanchez, V. (Spain) © (2006)
For the Units in this Module, we consider the concept of human rights with particular reference to the rights of the child and recent policies and legislation. We draw upon the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989) as well as the Council of Europe's European Charter for Democratic Schools Without Violence (2004), designed by young people themselves. We acknowledge that the legal system has both a positive and a negative impact; on the one hand, it acknowledges the rights of young people but on the other, it imposes restrictions on rights as well as obligations. We consider how law and children's rights are inter-related and we explore the concept of justice as both moral order and a source of law.
In Unit C1, we explore the principles that promote ethical and lawful behaviour among young people and strategies for raising moral standards at school. Key concepts are explored including, the basic concepts of ethics, law and children's rights. The Unit offers material for promoting ethical and lawful behaviour among children and young people and strategies for raising pupils' awareness of moral standards at school.
It is widely recognized that the focus of young people and crime should be on the prevention of offending and re-offending. In this respect, identification and assessment of risk factors as well as an appreciation of protective factors have a high priority. Reducing the impact of, or exposure to risk factors, reducing chain reactions to negative experiences, promoting self-esteem and achievements and providing positive relationships and new opportunities, all of these could be the contribution of school education and environment for the prevention of youth offending. In Unit C2, we focus on young people and crime, and consider the basic concepts of youth offending and punishment. The Unit offers ideas and suggestions for promoting lawful behaviour among children and young people and strategies for crime prevention at school.